Situated some 16 km north of Kigoma town in western Tanzania, Gombe Stream is the smallest National Park in Tanzania with an area of 52 sq. km of land. Gombe is a narrow strip of a mountainous country bounded to the east by the crest of the Rift Valley escarpment and by Lake Tanganyika to the west. The beauty of Gombe is unique; it is a park without roads, where you can walk and experience nature with all your senses. The park’s vegetation varies from the evergreen forests of tall trees to open woodlands and grasslands. Common mammals found are forests pecies, mostly primates including chimpanzees, baboons, blue monkeys, red tailed monkeys and red colobus monkeys.
Mahale Mountains National Park
Mahale Mountains National Park lies 120 km south of Kigoma town, on a peninsula that cuts out into Lake Tanganyika. The park has an area of 1,577 sq. km and is dominated by the Mahale Mountains Chain running from north-west across the middle of the park, the highest peak being 2,462 meters above sea level. The park vegetation is mainly Miombo woodland with narrow strips of riverine forests. The park enjoys the habitat of a variety of animal species from elephants, warthogs, giraffes, zebras, roan antelopes, buffaloes, hyenas, wild dogs to lions in the eastern woodland. Chimpanzees, blue monkeys are also found in Mahale. According to recent census, there are more than 700 chimpanzees in about 15 communities. Both Gombe Stream National Park and Mahale Mountains National Park provide ornithologists with an outstanding opportunity to view the more than 340 species that have been sighted there. Travel on Lake Tanganyika can also be arranged.